ANSI and ASTM Standards (other than EOS/ESD Association, Inc.)

ANSI C37.06:2000—American national standard for switchgear—Ac high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis—Preferred ratings and related required capabilities. 

ANSI C37.06.1:2000—American national standard trial-use guide for high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis—Designated "Definite purpose for fast transient recovery voltage rise times." 

ANSI C37.16:2000—American national standard for switchgear—Low-voltage power circuit breakers and ac power circuit protectors—Preferred ratings, related requirements, and application recommendations. 

ANSI C37.17:1997—American national standard for trip devices for ac and general-purpose dc low-voltage power circuit breakers. 

ANSI C37.22:1997—American national standard preferred ratings and related required capabilities for indoor ac medium-voltage switches used in metal-enclosed switchgear. 

ANSI C63.14:1998—American national standard dictionary for technologies of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), electromagnetic pulse (EMP), and electrostatic discharge (ESD)—Dictionary of EMC/EMP/ESD terms and definitions.

ANSI C63.16:1993—American national standard guide for electrostatic discharge test methodologies and criteria for electronic equipment. 

ANSI T1.308:1996—Central office equipment—Electrostatic discharge immunity requirements; Reaffirmed: 2002. 

ASTM D257-07—Standard test methods for dc resistance or conductance of insulating materials; Reapproved: 2005. 

ASTM D991-89 (2005)—Standard test method for rubber properties—Volume resistivity of electrically conductive and antistatic products; Reapproved: 2005. 

ASTM D2679-95 (2005)—Standard test method for electrostatic charge; Reapproved: 2005. 

ASTM D3509:1982 - Electrostatic field strength due to static charge 

ASTM 4238:1990 - Electrostatic propensity of textiles 

ASTM D5077-90:2003—Standard terminology relating to ESD packaging materials 

ASTM E1549-06—Standard specification for ESD-controlled garments required in cleanrooms and controlled environments for spacecraft for nonhazardous and hazardous operations. 

ASTM E2042:2004—Standard practice for cleaning and maintaining controlled areas and cleanrooms. 

ASTM F150:2006—Standard test method for electrical resistance of conductive and static dissipative resilient flooring. 

ASTM F1812:2002—Standard test method for determining the effectiveness of membrane switch ESD shielding. 

IEC/PAS 62162 Ed. 1.0 en:2000 - Field-induced charged-device model test method for electrostatic discharge withstand thresholds of microelectronic components 

ANSI/GEIA-STD-0003 - Long Term Storage of Electronic Devices 

ASTM D4470-97(2004) - Standard Test Method for Static Electrification 

ASTM E2217-02(2007) - Standard Practice for Design and Construction of Aerospace Cleanrooms and Contamination Controlled Areas

 

European Standards

BS 6654:1985—Method for determination of the electrical resistivity of textile floor coverings; Reaffirmed: 1996. 

BS 6667 P2:1985 - Method of evaluating susceptibility to electrostatic discharge

BS 7506 P1 - Methods for measurement in electrostatics - Part 1 - Guide to basic electrostatics 

BS 7506 P2 - Methods for measurement in electrostatics - Part 2 - Test methods

BS EN 1149-1:2006—Protective clothing—Electrostatic properties—Test method for measurement of surface resistivity. German and Spanish versions available

BS EN 1149-2:1997—Protective clothing—Electrostatic properties—Test method for measurement of the electrical resistance through a material (vertical resistance). German and Spanish versions available 

BS EN 1149-3:2004—Protective clothing—Electrostatic properties—Test methods for measurement of charge decay. German and Spanish versions available 

BS EN 1718:1999—Light conveyor belts—Test method for the measurement of the electrostatic field generated by a running light conveyor belt. Cancelled - replaced by BS EN ISI 21179:2006

BS EN ISO 21179:2006 - Light conveyor belts—Determination of the electrostatic field generated by a running light conveyor belt.

CECC 00015 P1:1992—Basic specification for protection of electrostatic sensitive devices. Part 1 - General requirements. Also BS 

EN 100015-1. Cancelled - Replaced by IEC 61340-5-1 CECC 00015 P2:1994—Basic specification for protection of electrostatic sensitive devices. Part 2 - Low humidity conditions Also BS EN 100015-2

EN 55024:1989 - Electrostatic discharge requirements 

EN 61340-5-1:2001—Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena—General requirements; Corrigendum: 2003. Cancelled - Replaced by IEC 61340-5-1 EN 61340-5-2:2001—Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena—User guide. - Cancelled - replaced by IEC/TR 61340-5-2

 

IEC Standards

IEC 60050 Ed 1.0, 1990 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary

IEC 60255-22-2, Ed. 2.0, 1997—Electrical relays—Part 22: Electrical disturbance tests for measuring relays and protection equipment—Section 2: Electrostatic discharge tests. 

IEC 60297-5-103:2001—Plug-in unit electrostatic discharge protection for subtracks and associated plug-in units with extended features added to IEC 60297-3 and IEC 60297-4. 

IEC 60455-3-11:1988—Solventless polymerizable resinous compounds used for electrical insulation—Specification for individual materials—Epoxy resin–based coating powders. 

IEC 60748-2-8:1993—Specification for harmonized system of quality assessment for electronic components—Semiconductor devices—Integrated circuits—Blank detail specification: integrated circuit static read/write memories.

IEC 60749, Ed 2.0, 2006 - Semiconductor Devices - Mechanical and Climatic Test Methods 

IEC 60801-2:1991—Electromagnetic compatibility for industrial-process measurement and control equipment—Electrostatic discharge requirements.

IEC 61000-4-2, Ed 1.2, 2001—Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)—Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques—Section 2: Electrostatic discharge immunity test; Amendment 1:1998, Amendment 2:2000.

IEC 61340-2-1:2002—Electrostatics—Part 2-1: Measurement methods—Ability of materials and products to dissipate static electric charge 

IEC 61340-2-2:2000—Electrostatics—Part 2-2: Measurement methods—Measurement of chargeability. 

IEC 61340-2-3:2000—Electrostatics—Part 2-3: Methods of test for determining the resistance and resistivity of solid planar materials used to avoid electrostatic charge accumulation. 

IEC 61340-3-1, Ed 2.0, 2006—Electrostatics—Part 3-1: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects—Human body model (HBM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms 

IEC 61340-3-2, Ed 2.0, 2006—Electrostatics—Part 3-2: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects—Machine model (MM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms 
IEC 61340-4-1, Ed 1.0, 2003—Electrostatics—Part 4-1: Standard test methods for specific applications—Section 1: Electrostatic resistance of floor coverings and installed floors.

IEC 61340-4-3, Ed 1.0, 2001—Electrostatics-Part 4.3-Standard test methods for specific applications - Footwear 

IEC 61340-4-4, Ed 1.0, 2005—Electostatics-Part 4.4-Standard test methods for specific applications - Electrostatic classification of flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBC) 

IEC 61340-4-5, Ed 1.0, 2004—Electostatics-Part 4.5-Standard test methods for specific applications - Methods of characterizing the electrostatic protection of footwear and flooring in combination with a person 
IEC 61340-5-1, Ed 1.0, 2007span>—Electrostatics—Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena—General requirements. 

IEC TR61340-5-2, Ed 1.0, 2007—Electrostatics—Part 5-2: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena—User Guide 

IEC/PAS 62162:2000—Field-induced charged-device model test method for electrostatic discharge withstand thresholds of microelectronic components. (French and Spanish only) 

IEC/PAS 62179:2000—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing human body model (HBM).

IEC/PAS 62180:2000—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing machine model (MM). 

IEC 60255-22-2 Ed. 2.0 b:1996 - Electrical relays - Part 22: Electrical disturbance tests for measuring relays and protection equipment - Section 2: Electrostatic discharge tests

 

IEEE Standards

IEEE 142:1991—IEEE Green Book (IEEE recommended practice for grounding of industrial and commercial power systems); Corrected page: 1996. 

IEEE 1291:1993—IEEE guide for partial discharge measurement in power switchgear; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE 1325:1996—IEEE recommended practice for reporting field failure data for power circuit breakers; Reaffirmed: 2002. 

IEEE C37.04:1999—IEEE standard rating structure for ac high-voltage circuit breakers; Errata: 2005. 

IEEE C37.010:1999—IEEE application guide for ac high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE C37.011:2005—IEEE application guide for transient recovery voltage for ac high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis. 

IEEE C37.013:1997—IEEE standard for ac high-voltage generator circuit breaker rated on a symmetrical current basis. 

IEEE C37.081:1981—IEEE guide for synthetic fault testing of ac high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis; Reaffirmed: 1988. 

IEEE C37.09:1999—IEEE standard test procedure for ac high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis; Amendment 1:2005. 

IEEE C37.10:1995—IEEE guide for diagnostics and failure investigation of power circuit breakers; Reaffirmed: 2002. 

IEEE C37.11:1997—IEEE standard requirements for electrical control for high-voltage circuit breakers rated on a symmetrical current basis; Reaffirmed: 2003. 

IEEE C37.13:1990—IEEE standard for low-voltage ac power circuit breakers used in enclosures; Reaffirmed: 1995. 

IEEE C37.14:2002—IEEE standard for low-voltage dc power circuit breakers used in enclosures. 
IEEE C37.18:1997—IEEE standard for enclosed field discharge circuit breakers for rotating electric machinery; Reaffirmed: 2003. 

IEEE C37.20.1:2002—IEEE standard for metal-enclosed low-voltage power circuit breaker switchgear; Amendment 1:2005. 

IEEE C37.20.2:1999—IEEE standard for metal-clad and station-type cubicle switchgear; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE C37.20.3:2001—IEEE standard for metal-enclosed interrupter switchgear. 

IEEE C37.20.4:2001—IEEE trial-use standard for indoor ac medium-voltage switches for use in metal-enclosed switchgear. 

IEEE C37.20.6:1997—IEEE standard for 4.76 to 38 kV rated grounding and testing devices used in enclosures; Reapproved: 2003. 

IEEE C37.21:2005—IEEE standard for control switchboards. 

IEEE C37.90.3-2001 - IEEE Standard Electrostatic Discharge Tests for Protective Relays 

IEEE C62.11:2005—IEEE standard for metal-oxide surge arresters for ac power circuits (>1 kV).

IEEE C62.22:1997—IEEE guide for the application of metal-oxide surge arresters for alternating-current systems.

IEEE C62.23:1995—IEEE standard draft application guide for surge protection of electric generating plants; Reaffirmed: 2001.

IEEE C62.31:2006—IEEE standard test specifications for gas-tube surge-protective devices 

IEEE C62.32:2004—IEEE standard test specifications for low-voltage air gap surge protective devices (excluding valve and expulsion type devices). 

IEEE C62.33:1982—IEEE standard test specifications for varistor surge-protective devices; Reaffirmed: 1994 

IEEE C62.34:1996—IEEE standard for performance of low-voltage surge-protective devices (secondary arresters); Reaffirmed: 2001. 

IEEE C62.35:1987—IEEE standard test specifications for avalanche junction semiconductor surge-protective devices; Reaffirmed: 1993. 

IEEE C62.36:2000—IEEE standard test methods for surge protectors used in low-voltage data, communications, and signaling circuits. 

IEEE C62.37:1996—IEEE standard test specification for thyristor diode surge-protective devices; Reaffirmed: 2002. 

IEEE C62.37-90.3-2001 - IEEE standard electrostatic discharge tests for protective relays 

IEEE C62.38-1994—IEEE guide on electrostatic discharge (ESD)—ESD withstand capability evaluation methods (for electronic equipment subassemblies). 

IEEE C62.41.2:2002—IEEE recommended practice on surge voltages in low-voltage (1000V or less) ac power circuits. 

IEEE C62.42:2005—IEEE guide for the application of component surge-protective devices for use in low-voltage (equal to or less than 1000 V rms or 1200 V dc) circuits. 

IEEE C62.43:2005—IEEE guide for the application of surge protectors used in low-voltage (equal to or less than 1000 V rms or 1200 V dc) data, communications, and signaling circuits. 

IEEE C62.47:1992—IEEE guide on ESD—Characterization of the ESD environment; Reaffirmed: 1997. 

IEEE C62.48:2005—IEEE guide on interactions between power system disturbances and surge-protective devices. 

IEEE C62.62:2000—IEEE standard test specifications for surge-protective devices for low-voltage ac power circuits. 

IEEE C62.64:1997—IEEE standard specifications for surge protectors used in low-voltage data, communications, and signaling. 

IEEE C62.92.1:2000—IEEE guide for the application of neutral grounding in electrical utility systems—Part 1: Introduction; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE C62.92.2:1989—IEEE guide for the application of neutral grounding in electrical utility systems—Part 2: Grounding of synchronous generator systems; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE C62.92.3:1993—IEEE guide for the application of neutral grounding in electrical utility systems—Part 3: Generator auxiliary systems; Reaffirmed: 2005. 

IEEE C62.92.4:1991—IEEE guide for the application of neutral grounding in electric utility systems—Part 4: Distribution; Reaffirmed: 2002. 

IEEE C63.14-1998 - American National Standard dictionary for technolgies of Electormagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) 

IEEE C63.16-1993 - American National Standard Guide for electrostatic discharge test methodologies and criteria for electronic equipment

 

Other Standards

AATCC 134:2006—Electrostatic propensity of carpets. 

AFLCR 65-8:1988—Maintenance—Engineering and supply: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) control program. 

AOP 24-1998 - Electrostatic Discharge, Munition assessment and test procedures 

ARINC 606-1993 - Guidance for electrostatic sensitive device utilization and protection 

DI-RELI-80669A:1992—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) control program plan. 

DI-RELI-80671A:1992—Handling procedures for electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitive items. 

EIA 471:1980—Symbol and label for electrostatic sensitive devices; Reaffirmed: 1996. 

EIA 541:1988—Packaging material standards for ESD sensitive items. Withdrawn - replaced by ANSI/ESD S541-2003 (ESDA) 

EIA 545:1989—Electromechanical switch test method for electrostatic discharge (ESD). 

EIA 625:2000—Handling electrostatic discharge sensitive (ESDS) devices. Withdrawn. Superceded by JESD 625A (JEDEC) 

EIA SP 3018:1994 - Requirements for handling electrstatic discharge sensitive (ESDS) devices 

FTS 101C Method 4046—Electrostatic properties of materials. 

IDEMA ESD1_00—MR and GMR heads—General practices for ESD control. 

IDEMA ESD2_00—Packaging standards fro disk drives and components 

IDEMA ESD3_00—Glossary of terms used in ESD control documents 

ISO/DIS 10605:2007—Road vehicles—Test methods for electrical disturbances from electrostatic discharge. Revises ISO 10605:2001 

ISO/TR 10605:1994—Road vehicles—Electrical disturbances from electrostatic discharge. Replaced by ISO 10605 and ISO/DIS 10605 TU-T K.32 - Immunity requirements and test methods for electrostatic discharge to telecommunication equipment - generic EMC requirement 

JESD 22-A114E:2007—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing human body model (HBM). 

JESD 22-A115A:1997—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing machine model (MM). 

JESD 22-C101C:2004—Field-induced charged-device model test method for ESD withstand thresholds of microelectronic components. 

JESD-625A-1999 - Requirements for handling electrostatic discharge sensitive (ESDS) devices 

JEP-108B - Distributor requirements for handling electrostatic discharge sensitive (ESDS) devices. Superceded by JESD-625A JESD-42 - Requirements for handling electrostatic discharge sensitive (ESDS) devices. Superdeded by JESD-625A JIS T 8103 - Anti-electrostatic footwear JIS T 8108 - Work wear for preventing electrostatic hazards 

JPL-PD-625-263 - Electrostatic control for assembly and test areas 

MIL-D-9129 Rev D 2000 - Dischargers, Electrostatic, General specification for. Specifics in -1 to -9 

MIL-DTL-81997 - Pouches, cushioned, flexible, electrostatic protective, transparent 

MIL-HDBK-263 -1994 - Electrostatic discharge control handbook for protection of electrical and electronic parts, assemblies and equipment (excluding electrically initiated explosive devices), Also DOD-HDBK 263 

MIL-HDBK-773 -2005 - Electrostatic discharge protective packaging 

MIL-PRF-81705D:1998 —Barrier materials, flexible, electrostatic protective, heat sealable. Amendment 1 - 2004 

MIL-PRF-87893B:1997—Workstation—Electrostatic discharge (ESD) control. 

MIL-STD-883G:200G—Microcircuits-Electrostatic discharge sensitivity classification.  

MIL-STD-1686C:1995—Electrostatic discharge control program for protection of electrical and electronic parts, assemblies, and equipment (excluding electrically initiated explosive devices). Also DOD-HDBK-1686 

MSFC-RQMT-1493-1988 - Electrostatic Discharge control requirments 

MSFC-STD-1800-1990 - Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) control for propellant and explosive devices 

NASA-STD-8937.7-1997 - Electrostatic discharge control (excluding electronically initiated explosive devices) 

NATO AEP-29-1999 - Protection of aircraft crew and subsystems in flight against electrostatic discharge 

NHB 5300.4(3L)-1993 - Requirements for electrostatic discharge control (excluding electrically initiated explosive devices). 

QPL-87893-1:1995—Workstation electrostatic discharge (ESD) control. 

QPL 81705-16:2006—Barrier materials, flexible, electrostatic protective, heat sealable. 

RAC SOAR 6:1986—ESD control in the manufacturing environment. 

RAC VZAP:1995 - Electrostatic discharge susceptibility data 

SAA AS 4155.6:1993 - Test methods for general access floors - Part 6 - Test for floor resistance for electrostatic control 

SAE AIR 1662:1998 - Electrostatic hazards for aircraft fuel systems 

SAE J1113.13:2004 - Electromagnetic compatibility measurement procedure for vehicle components - Part 13: immunity to electrostatic discharge 

SAE J1595:1988 - Electrostatic discharge test for vehicles 

SAE J1645:2006 - Fuel systems and components - electrostatic charge mitigation 

SAE J551-15:2002 - Vehicle electromagnetic immunity - Electrostatic discharge (ESD) 

SAE J645:1997 - Fuel systems electrostatic charge 

SEMI E78-0706—Guide to assess and control electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electrostatic attraction (ESA) for equipment. 

SEMI E043-0301—Guide for measuring charge on objects and surfaces. 

SEMI E129-0706– Guide to Assess and Control Electrostatic Charge in a Semiconductor Manufacturing Facility 

STANAG 4235:2004 - Electrostatic environmental conditions affecting the design ofmaterial for use by NATO forces STANAG 4239:2001 - Electrostatic discharge, munitions test procedures 

STANAG 4490:2001 - Explosives, electrostatic discharge sensitivity test 

Telcordia GR-1418:1994—Generic requirements for wrist strap testers. 

Telcordia GR-1419:1995—Generic requirements for ESD-protective workstations 

Telcordia GR-1421:1995—Generic requirements for ESD-protective circuit packet containers. 

Telcordia GR-1422:1994—Generic requirements for ESD-controlling wrist straps 

Telcordia GR-1423:1994—Generic requirements for ESD-protective floor finishes. 

Telcordia GR-1424:1995—Generic requirements for ESD-protective floor coverings. 

Telcordia GR-2925:1996—Generic requirements for ESD-protective chairs and carts. 

Telcordia GR-2971:1997—Generic requirements for ESD signs, symbols and awareness. 

Telcordia GR-2972:1997—Generic requirements for ESD-protective tapes and adhesive. 

Telcordia TR-NWT 000870:1991—Electrostatic discharge control in the manufacture of telecommunications equipment. 

TIA 455-129:1996 - FOTP-129 Procedures for applying Human Body Model electrostatic discharge stress to packaged optoelectronic components 

UL 2329:1999 - Personnel electrostatic control devices

 

Other publications

White Paper I: A Case For Lowering Component Level HBM/MM ESD Specifications and Requirements, Industry Device Council for ESD Target Levels, September, 2006